IPM (Integrated Pest management ) krishi Loksewa

Integrated Pest management

IPM ko fullform Intergrated Pest Panagment ho (nepali ma yakikrit shatru jeeb byabasthapan ho.
IPM (Intergrated Pest managment ) krishi Loksewa
IPM (Intergrated Pest managment ) krishi Loksewa

INTRODUCTION OF IPM:-

Rasayanik padartha ko prayog niuna gardai ra mitra jib ko samraxyan gardai, batababaran samraxan ra santulan kayam rakhi shatru jeeb byabasthapanka dherai bidhiharu yakaI satha apaudai bali ma lagne rog ra kira haru ko niyantran garnu lai IPM vaninxa.

History of IPM:-

  1. Sarbapartham 1962AD ma american jeebshastri RECHEL CARSON le bishadhi ko ghatak asarbare lekheko “Silent spring ” namak book marphart bishwabyabi rup ma IPM prati janachetana jagyo.
  2. 1987Ad dekhi 1991ad samma ma Indonashain sarkar le thulo sankhya ma (59)kishim ka bishadi ko prayog ma pratibandha lagai IPM karya ko suru gariyo ra bishadi ko karodau dollar rupaiya kharcha huna baata bachhayo .
  3. 1992 AD ma Brazil ko Riyo the Jenekiyo ma sampanna sayukta rashta sangha dywara aayojit batabaran ra bikas namak sammelan bata IPM technology nai upaujta bikalpa ho vanne thahar gari sarbajanik rup ma parit garyo .
  4. 1999AD ma nepal daxyin purbi asia antargat samudayak IPM karyakaram ko sadaya vayo ra tespaxi 2002 AD ma Narbeli sarkarko sahayog ma “samudayak IPM karyakaram sanchalan vayo ra 2002 dekhi rashtiya IPM karyakaram sanchalan vayako xa.
  5. Nepal ma 1997 AD baata IPM ko suruwat vayako ho.

Principal ko IPM :-

  1. Swastha biruwa hurkaune.
  2. Balinali ko niyamit nirixyan garne .
  3. Mitra jeeb ko samrakhxyan garne .
  4. Krishak lai dakhya banaune .

IPM prabithi antargate parne samagri :-

  • stricker
  • Luer
  • Trap
  • Biopesticide

 

Bazar ma paine sticker ra tin ko prayog :-

  1. yellow striker=mahina bkira ko lagi .
  2. Blue stricker = specialy lahi kira ko lagi.

Bazar ma paine prachalit luer ra tin ko prayog :-

  1. Clueliyar =laharebali laagi
  2. Spodo luer = surti ko pat khanne kira laagi
  3. Luecine luer =bhanta ko babaro laagi
  4. Tuta luer =tuta absuluta laagI
  5. Helililuer = phal ko gabaro laagi
  6. Bacterocera =laharebali ko lagi
  7. Faw luer = american armybworm ko lagi
  8. BDM luer = et buttya putalibko lagi
Bazara upalabtha trap :-
  • Phalen trap / cone trap
  • WhatatI trap
  • Pheromen trap
  • Jaali
  • Light trap
Biopeticide :-
  • Neemjanya bishadi
  • Trichodarma viride
  • Trichodarma
  • Beauveria bessiana
 
Kehi tips :-
  • IPM baata 65 % bishdi ko khapat ma katauti vayo .
  • Dhan ko phatke kira ko lagi kheti garne tarika ra jaibik bishadi prabithi baata 15 % production ma increase vayo .
  • 10 Lakh kira madhya 10 hajar (1%) kira matra hanikarak xan .
  • Bishwa ma pratyak barsa 49 hajar manxe ko mirtu bishdi ko karan hunxa.

Read Also:- 

Table of Contents

Categories IPM

Leave a Comment

close